- Symptoms such as dyspnoea, palpitations, presyncope, syncope, chest pain or Cardiac murmurs.
- Physical signs of heart failure.
- Screening and surveillance in patients with hypertension, known valvular dysfunction, suspected pulmonary hypertension, family history of cardiomyopathy, exposure to cardiotoxic drugs (Clozapine, some chemotherapeutic agents).
- Evaluation of known or suspected adult congenital heart disease.
Echocardiogram, often referred as cardiac echo or simply an echo is a non-invasive test that uses sound waves to produce a moving image of the heart. This test can indicate heart chamber or valve abnormalities.
Echocardiography has become routinely used in the diagnosis, management, and follow-up of patients with any suspected or known heart diseases. It is one of the most widely used diagnostic tests in cardiology. It can provide a wealth of helpful information, including the size and shape of the heart (internal chamber size quantification), pumping capacity, and the location and extent of any tissue damage. An Echocardiogram can also give physicians other estimates of heart function such as a calculation of the cardiac output, ejection fraction, and diastolic function (how well the heart relaxes).
The advantages of Echocardiography is that it is non-invasive (doesn’t involve breaking the skin, entering body cavities or any exposure to radiation) and has no known risks or side effects.
(Approximately 30 – 45 minutes duration)
No preparation is required.
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